Accessibility is the degree to which people with some kind of disability are able to use a service. Specifically in terms of Web accessibility, this refers to Web design that enables people with disabilities to perceive, understand, browse and interact with the Web, and also contribute content.
This website has been laid out and configured in such a way as to make browsing possible for all potential users, using programming based on the most advanced techniques and guidelines on accessibility.
Amongst the key features providing accessibility are:
- Clarification of the destination of links or hyperlinks (they include a statement to clarify where they will take the user).
- On-screen elements presented in a logical order (the pages are structured with headings to put contents into a hierarchy and thus facilitate understanding).
- Technical help with reading data tables (inclusion of heading identifiers).
- Simplified navigation system – drop-down menus are not used.
- Graceful degradation of the site without style guide (the structural mark-up allows correct visualisation of all the content).
- Font sizes have been defined relatively so that users can magnify or reduce the font size from within the browser options
This website has been developed standars which makes it easier to meet Accessibility standards. The site is managed by the Web of the University of Granada Secretariat which periodically checks to ensure that these standards are being adhered-to.
According to Spanish law, web pages belonging to public bodies must meet appropriate standards of navigability and accessibility for people with disabilities. These standards are usually set by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and are enshrined in the following laws:
- Real Decreto 1494/2007, 21th November. Ruling on the basic conditions of access for people with disabilities to the information society.
- Normativa UNE 139803:2012. Accessibility requirements for Web content.
Design and accessibility standards
There are a number of diverse standards in Web design, as well as a series of guidelines that should be met by any website wishing to meet regulation on accessibility. The aim is to follow the rules set out within the standards and the established guidelines:
- Web content designed using the XHTML standard.
- Presentation based on Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
- Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG).
Accessibility guidelines fulfilled by this website
This website meets the following norms for web content accessibility:
- The specifications required for XHTML 1.0 and CSS 2.1 as set out by the W3C.
- The rules or guidelines on web content accessibility, achieving an accessibility level of AA as determined by version 2.0 of the WCAG.